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The Bihu Essay


The Bihu Essay

The Bihu Essay

The Bihu Essay


Bihu, a unique and joyous celebration, takes center stage in Assam, the picturesque state nestled in the northeastern region of India. Anticipated eagerly by people of all age groups, this festival is akin to a radiant eruption of happiness that engulfs the entire state, holding immense significance for the Assamese people.

Description of the Three Bihus:

Bihu comprises three distinct and individually celebrated components, each characterized by its unique traditions. Let’s explore the specifics of each:

Bohag Bihu (Rongali Bihu) – The Spring Festival:
Bohag Bihu, also known as Rongali Bihu, is observed in April, heralding the arrival of spring and marking the commencement of the Assamese New Year. During this festival, people dress in new and vibrant attire, while young boys and girls engage in the traditional Bihu dance, accompanied by rhythmic drum beats and melodious songs. Delectable dishes such as pitha, laru, and various sweets are prepared, adding to the festive spirit.

Kati Bihu (Kangali Bihu) – The Festival of Lights:
Kati Bihu, also referred to as Kangali Bihu, takes place in October. This Bihu revolves around illuminating lamps and offering prayers for a prosperous harvest. Individuals light oil lamps or diyas in their homes and fields to ward off malevolent spirits, believing it will contribute to the prosperity of their crops. Special rituals and prayers are conducted during Kati Bihu, creating a spiritually charged atmosphere.

Magh Bihu (Bhogali Bihu) – The Feast of Food:
Magh Bihu, identified as Bhogali Bihu, is celebrated in January. This festival is a time for indulging in scrumptious culinary delights. People construct huts known as ‘meji’ and ‘bhela ghar,’ setting them ablaze. Gathering around the bonfire, they sing songs and relish traditional foods like pitha, laru, and an array of sweets. The period is characterized by joy and merriment, emphasizing the communal aspect of the celebration.


In Assam, Bihu symbolizes a period of elation, unity, and the celebration of changing seasons. It serves as an occasion to express gratitude to nature for bestowing the bounties of life. Therefore, Bihu transcends being merely a festival; it is a celebration of life in Assam, fostering a sense of community and appreciation for the rhythms of nature. 0 0 0. The Bihu Essay

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